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u® W⇮ qyS

(u® uܺqw yXymu w¯.)

uww x

Ǯrs

(O..1756-1806)

 

cww--u¯㚮

u¯l d凮 oxu 24 O. uu劮 uy YNS C cw⚮ڡ. C qu X S q ¯Tt.D uyrS i԰NNquw vUN yq䊮qw ylu.D Sw cwwu S X u qu rXS yݚXwTq.rX Xw S A®qu yrr Cu. q ¯TtS B Ǯw A ruۊ. S S®u劮S qS B Xw q hTq.O. 1756 D抮 q銮u o NǯǮﱰ vwuu iNNqu AwS䜮vu cxu SS, qu X( Ey¬ wBX) "crs" u wNo mu.

Nu X EywwvSvS N N, uu®㇮wSw, ǮT "u®c "yjw SxS mu.Awq Yw Au®㇮wNT SSw A q䩇N h crsX AS BSﱛu JdNhX(C u Uu䚯S ju ®wu rsu w㚮 N " 㚮qqc"u yu܊u; N O. .1704-1800) NSw ANu Au®㇮w mu.Awq Oݡ SN q AwN cwS bwyu mu. Awq Su®w N, NǯX yqww ylu.

!!X u lv NX Nwm u!!

Kuwu vw u¯㜮 crs uvu Xu ﱚruۊ.A u®yr݇ yNu Nq yuw lruۊ.q٩ Cu xSwmS q yrw AOrي, w ãST u uww yuu

Xu ,lv NX Nwm !
Yqsu u u X m u®|
Su w Su wn |
Suw Twru Su w ||

H Nrw lqmuS, Auu CQu CrrSw wSl crsX q B qwu ST yqyyh , qqo q Sw  ¯w  wu uۊ. H凮u youuu ®SuwyT Bqu܊ mN Eu۰vu Au®qrىu Xruۊ. Au®qXuS S XКyXwqu A u®u u ¯Sq wwS Sq mu. TuS K uNq䇮 vu h A NǯruS y䇮o yuS, iNNqu yNvu Cw AlSiu. u¯㇮wyu u¯㇮yXw Ir u̩ qvqyvqy" H rN Klw rS u, wu¯X rqu qyXy yXwvS凵 q iN qw y䰋qيu ¯u.SOهw , uq䇮w x yj yXw, SsXwS Cw XT S݊u A y ru x H Su xq yrxq yqwwq u®c yomNl u®N rىu dq u.w݊lr w㇮u¯ Ssw yj S mu.D r sN wy䚮u NT A "AoNX" Hu yu܊Tuۊ.y(), u¯l, x q uw(Oݡ) C w C yQ NqSTu.

Ǯ㚮yq

crsXS Ay Ǯ㚮yq Cq. C w cw w㇮u¯ Ssw yoT Au®㇮w muۊ.C Q Ǯ㊮-SN Awqv ðX, goz X,  ǯX q A S  X, NcT NgX q ApS AnX.

w㚯 N

Awq Cw Yw u®w AS qS ( q  wqw w) ,BS uqيvju zjw ANu( O. 1794-1797) u " Ǯrs" H xu yw Nu. yu AS uwow uwuu۩u uww Ku yݚYq ڡu uwow  S䜮(Cu Auz A uwu Su ybSq٪u) uq A wwuu uq䇮 BN Ǯԋr yiqq.Bu Awq AQl q ǮSS bwcw ǮT u (Kuwh w㇮u¯ S mu) ,䊮 cw S Nw q, u¯iyp, qqyNNiyp, uSqu܊, Bu¯q⊮cx uu SsSw Yu.

uw y:

NwS q Jqٺuw w Oݡ Su Nwv ru uww , U q䇵u r-r O.. 1806 yt uw qd uwڊu. NǮcru cxu A r䇮u uwڊuu Ku Ǯ. D q⊮ N Jq ǮS q uS̰XTuۊ.AU ®Sq m q vpu bwyuw, uwvSu yw Euۊm, Ac Orw v Auz uww uwu xq ®NwS䜮 lq٪uۊ. q "u抮Nٰ" Hq Cs  y®yuuu.

SsGo

D y®uw Aqb qoN Am, NNl SsSu ǮSw Su۰. Ǯrsq w¯ dw ,NrSw q SsS N w cwqS rymu , D QN Sox.D H QNS w YGpTu۰.

1. ǮrsNrc----- 㚮wN y®cwX

2.uww x Ǯrs...:c

3.uSqu܊....:v|| .ð uoS

4.uSqu܊.. ...: y.ðX uX NcT

 

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