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u® W⇮ qyS

(u® uܺqw yXymu w¯.)

Uqrs

(O..1557-95)

,u¯㚮

Uqrs yu Xu.C qu ®hԊ.Cw ®hԊ Hu Nruu mÇq.q SS.SSu DN Niuۊ.D  yu Urs uu Tu.®hԊ xb cu oh Su cﱰwۊ.

xb yqu XuuS yu K oh SN u. D uyrS yuw u q ãw N Nu. yu Ku Ǯrw  D uyrS CXЇw Dl Kzu.D uyrS qS qw¯S KuTuS q bǮ yqww jN KzޚN Hu Ǯq.qS qw¯S uNu H qǮu B uyrS yu Ǯqw Kz, u S ®Oىu yuw qʋu. yu zqT Aw u.

u A㰄®rs, yu uq u Xwq crsw q EqيvNT yluq, US qS Bu y Xwq ohu D uyrS cx  u q EqًvNT,wSw CTq Oq.Buۋu D uyrS Ǯu yu BNيT Au ãw N Kzu. yu Buu y®T,SS qu Sl Sw q١.Au Ql AuNT ¯wT Cuuu B w yu Xuwu Nu.

Nwq jN B w Nqh yu B w N q-quu.SN AǵN mu Sw Bq. uluSq u S NNu B Nw X,Eyww ʊSw yu wu. yu B Nw ys SSu.A¯㚮vu u̺l ¯㚮uS yu B Nw A®㛛uw.

B N

Juw w N XuxS Eywwu Iw w w㚯u Nwq, yuu OS yj yXwS wlrq. uwS u, O NǮ yw݊Tuۊ.Bu U q Bw ymq,uwpS,BTu Bu ubXS D w㛇 yl®yj yXwu cۋw uۊ.zw NovuT U ..1479 zS q銮u bǮ qr BwSv wuwu uwڊu.

qXw

BwSv Aw Nvu wqw S q SS uw w u܄®OSu mu.q u¯㚮w u ,o؋wu Bu ubXS A qu. ubX Uq ySSu Uwsrs u®㇮w m XvNX Qu Nsm A XSS yq䊯Tuۊ.Au q Ǯw Ns Nw Nl qǮyh Uwsrs AS "Bu"H wu yuxqي.
wqw yu yjw Kul vw Bu ubX xu xuq wlu Aw qovu S N wlNu, wqw yu wu.
Ku u®w uuvw wvS wN T A凵 q wNSw lq Nruۊ. Cq w q q v wm S uۋu uu u®x ﱰquu Bu㊮ FhN Nq. AǮԊ S q u ybw TNl u.H劮 FhN Nquw wm  uwN u.q D yS vu wN Awuqq H Xvu A uu ﱛu.

BS A yu A SSu U yuS NpNl, wqw S q qS AsTuT yuS u㚮 S uX yo AwS䜮uT ,vwvu A yj yXwSw wl NيTuT ru.uu, ONu Aw S ®vu Cu qw w-wSw NymNl w S yu uq cu AvyrST, ju S S yrǵԇw NymN멱 u܋NTu Hu SS wqw yuw HXϋu.CuuT yu ON ww,S,Uwq u bqS,ju Uwq SS XuT AynNmu.
SS BbӇq w vvu wqw S qT yj yXwSw y䊮Ûu.A yXw Qw yjNw H劮 Yu.wqw yu yjNʺu xNيu ubX yuS Al u A yqw yXw Xqw Nlmu.

o؊ uzj

Uq rs wuwu q SS uww yrǯz, o؋S vT u, w݊l ǮS N A凵 xq,B Fw Ku uzjw Ni u.
D uzju ,H yuu utSS B䇮 Nh,AS S r oN AN Nޛu.u¯㚮u wq Aw uȶquܺqu yXNT ¯quu  SS Uqrs NNhԊ.

o؊ yu u®w qyw BXu yo㚮ڡ.ðt wv ulu u®rs uwu yu Bu ubX wqqu yu Buq Ku ® uzjw xq.utSS r N,yN ®l B uzjuu.Nuu ymq,utS yj yXwSw wlruۊ.¯qu  Su dbӚ utS uzju B䇮 ylu u®w㊯u.uzju XNT , Uqrs q Au®o ymqvu Sl Bu ubX Cuۊ.

ju Blqu u¯nS

Uq w㚮 N mu u,w Kuxu Cwݺu FS SNu jvyrS uq yrS q Cq Q uq Sw ShNi, q  B Shw q Sruۊ. U Buuq Uq D yurw qzޛ,uq yrS S Cq Q uq S ShSw FuS T Bw, Nu,Kg,HrwmSw EyT y䊮Ûu.C Nu Kuxu CwݺuS yu w y䇮o u,bq Zq XvS,u®c,viS,uu,ju AvNS,ymq,Ǯ㊮,S,pS y l yu u u,w Ku FS u, ul Aw qw XuvS B ES uq qrq.

yu jvNSw B,uuw yQ FS,Aw q yrxvST xﱛu. ju w wmN멱 A xﱚh B yuuw Ǯ㊮ u¯N S Bu¯rN Sw wmN cۋw yu AS NhԊ.

ju xw,AmS,YNwuu AmS ,wuu AmS,Hl N,yXN S C ڇw E l vww wN lq.ymq S utS yǮnST yuNpN,ã NpN,cTS jvu N yu y䊮®q.

Uqrs Nvu qy uu¯n yuu wlNu xu¯T uu¯n NS A w vðwN u.

Uq Nu wlu u¯nS CvS bu,D u¯nS NoT ,ONT yu Uwq,S,X Yϊuu,wu S Uwq,SS w cw u®NT.

vTc q

Uqrs B N mu ,w݊l ǮSw o؋w Nu Awq XN h.XN l w o؋w uzju cۋw q Ǯ㊯u ursS u.

S NwhNu Q ڡSS µi Cqي.u® yXNT uo uw q NqwT mNl.yu H u AS Aqq c®n Sq Oq.

q u yu yjyXwSw ybvSw Nh xgT BXruۊ. ju Hvwq Awuw wlrq. yu yXwSw N, cw A Ǯ㊯u.yrvS A u QS q A Ǯ㊯u.A Buu y®T TS Svu Nيu.AwN xN, lN, D qyS Buu vu u¯N N, yǮN Bu.

q䚮u, u¯㜮 S rNu Nʺu X  qSuNu, yu SsXw X Nw xTruۊ.

® Svu q c q䇮w BÛ, A Hl vwS qTu, NwhNu Ku ǮN X mu.q µi Cq Q ڡS ju PSw z ڢwݰ ju AvNSwT wﱛu.

NwhNvu qﱡwmS h, qbw NN l mu.Aw c yuw Buvu Nl Bw, Nu,Sm S wSw yuS uwT Cqي.yu bwu uȶqqu yryuww Ǯ r mu.

Au Uq q B SSu Urs uww u y NlS q Xw uu.D Nu凵 A X, BwSv S yS µi Cqي.y xSSTu Nul , yuw® uwS S qu܊N you uwS u Nw NSl.wuwu q BSS u®ww yu c®nu wu.

yu lS q Ǯ㊯u u㚮rsw bqmNl, rN qu rNS u A l hԊ.Eqي zwOx ru劮 D qw q qyS S QT q uwN N ڡu yu Bu Ku Ǯ.

Uqrs Eqي¯qu凮 y muS Nlu.Bu Au S ®T.

yuu SsXw.

cчrs qqyNN,qqxo, yvzN uu iN SsSS ¯u® H yl® iypSw Yuۊ.¯µuSu yuT A SsS uX qqSw ru N멱 Aqq EyNT.Cw Yw SS NrS... wm.

uw

qٺh ǮS N uq c㊮ AvN u yu O..1595 yǮ u INu vw rNw woyu. u㚮 rs uwڊu SS u®ww c®nu wlu.

rN uo 懮 全y-ANo Suu.D ڡ S GS yq ®ﱇT yXNǯ؊ou yv܇Tu. Uq uw uo zwOx wv ul , u ڡu ziu.uwu ﱰyu d Qyo uw,uwu Huw Ku Aq  Cu.B u lu APq wS yrǵST.yu uwu  w xl XyފS As S C.Nيu qS w As Xyފu ANq Cu yu u yrr.

uwu yu vQTuۊ. Kul Nw Nl mu ,Ku b vh S Nou.Cwݺu Nl yu NTuNl xq S Nou uwu Cwݺu Q¯Su A q Q AX Kruru.

rN uS l.H wmu w uµ SmSyS NSu.CS Qu rN uw,yǮ凮 uw S uT uw.uT uwu  uw yuw lu C mÇu.

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