quw

wuw

BwSvS Dw vOw qyqu HuS wv uµ Ku wlSl։u. Cu yu AYw NNgv䇵 Slu.NNgv䇮 v qS®u wv Hl T Klu wlSlևw q٩ vu.Cu Eqي¯Su S yoNirsu, uo¯Su S brsu .NNgv䇮 v(yu Nl) Ǯ ysu yu wS Kq uwS Ku Bou Yi.Buۋu D wlSlS w-uw AwsT l®T vu.ǮS Cuu ywq yo㣵qTu.

wuwN SNu u BwSvS N.BwSvS ,ygu,SSru u.ygu qSgS xu u Sw wv uiu BwSvS qٰ.

wuw wlSlևuۋu AS Nlu u wv uh N.ui u Au xcw yuuۋu A cwrS wjSS C.Aǵ԰N! w C.qtS CS u uw mNl vSN w A C As Yw N l y䚮S C.Cw, wvw BwSv u NʚS As Ngyu Nlu uiS u®u.Bu Cq NlSTq AwSvu uhu X AwN.C wv uh Yw NS C.ui cw S ® X.Bu®wS Nuq C wv ui Ǯ  Cu.Bu wv yoyuS q AS S q C.

uwS ??

cSwsu "uwSSwy" H Ku yuu D Kq uwS w ERuۊ.


1) yuw®rs(O..1324)
2) Nﰺurs(O..1399)
3) Trs(O..1407)
 4) Su Kl(O..1534)
5) 㚮(O..1539)
6) U(O..1558)
7) x rs(O..1568)
8) rs(O..1584)
9) vðurs(O..1624)

D Kq rS H劮 jvyrS,Su Kl mwSu y䇮N A w H劮 Nl u mN.D Kq Sw wwzhN멱 D NTw N AwNTu.

yuw® Nﰺu X T 㚮cN
U x rs qs X|
vðu X Su wuw ®b||

cSwsu wuwS yu

uwSS wy xq||y||
wurs qu܊Nxy w-||Aw.y||

 u®x  Nyu bq
S yuw®, ,Nﰺu, qq-
N bq T xy U-
,SuQ㊵l yqq||1||

u䇮 yyq䊵xy vðu
㚮,x x|
® y qǮu ⋚ x-
uǮw m AÌǵ yr||2||

uqS u yl , -
svS y® m|
D u®S OrqT -
 cSwsjwv||3||

wrS yX -1. yuw® rs

yoycNq ¯Ǯ Au quyN|
Nwٚȶ yuw¯QㇵTw||

wu¯Xu w㚮v ylu A q Ǯ㊮ q A Awq B Szjw ANu huw u® SS. S yuw®rs u®抮  jSS SS.C yu ®w ®hԊu, C Su ruu ru vu.uX SsSS iN u C huSuۋu Cw Bu iNNu Nuh.w㚮q,qNvy,uwQlwiN uu iNSsSw vuۊ.yuw®rsS w NlS uX AS q vw ydru Szws yrw ydN Niuۊ. u yuw®rs ,q uwڊS u q wq EqيvNu Nޛu u® rsS Szws yrw Nh AwS䟛u.Au yuw® rsu yrqu j u yucs N yǮ B zS vuۋu yucj Hu yuTu. C .. N٤ q銮u Xqu vw(O..1324) yt uw qdu.

2. Nﰺu rs

ﰺu䊮l®yuNٺ buxq|
Nﰺux u ®cq Xu䚮x݄®||

uXu SzS Hhw. C yu qu®X.CS iNX Ǯ㊯u uvÊcu w㚮vq.B uvÊc CS-u buS Awq NﰺuS w㚮 v Niuۋu C Nu u®Syy Hl PST Klqu Hl jS B®u. C N 1320 w ytq銮, XqN wﱰ(wﱰ) v(O..1399) yt w qdu.

3.T rs:

uyuuu bNw|
yuPwN Tr䇵||

Nﰺu rs Ǯ㊮.C yu UwuX.C "yuPwN"Tuۊu A XN qu.C Hh Ǯ uq cw B ..1329w Xq NǮ qvS(O..1407) ¹rN uw qdu. Nﰺu䊮, T j-Eqيv ju Hl yyS .(Elz AǮjSS u u ju K Tuۊ.A ,C ).

4. 㚮:

AtNqNް yqt ScN|
㚮rsS®q Avǯs u܇||

㚮 w Nu NwmS .C y䜯u ®qu,C ǯǮqٺu yu u,cuv Ay bxS yu-vS uۊ.u®®qu Pqu yuc u¯㚮 m, uȶq uuÇw ¯qu X Tu.NSuu®q, yu®,u,wT,So w uu u溚w uu Su Au wh cyrNw u NǮS ®Ǯo m Ouu yuu ruۊ. u®抮 u SsS Aqq yl®u w㇮q, qqއ XvN q qNqlSw C Yuۊ.Buۋu ASw "㚮q䇮Su" Nuh.qqއ XvNw Yu No 㚮 XvNXu yPqu.

yucq 㚮 Nwlu NǮ H AOqvu AwN OqwSw Yuۊ. ww Nvu 㚮 cwSu cSST CÛuۊ.NǮu,AXq NuS AS Au Sq. NǮuxS vu NSw yu.

u ǮՊu yuuS bwyu mu SS.
yuu, vc, NwNu, cu䊮,Su Kl uu x C Ǯ㊯Tuۊ.

ryr xww w݊l ǮS N yb m uwu Blq S yb yur ڇwݺhmu.

㚮 u Uu䊯T Aquuw AybxS wmu ru u ,yy Auwݰ yyq٪u.
㚮 q ¹rNuw N 1460 w  q銮u y¯o (u) Xqt vw(O..1539) x qdu.

5. U rs

yx ð Suwu|
U u uuq NqsyuN||

Eqيv ju yyS u. C Plu w Uwsrs Ǯ㊮.uou rNw劮 ¯u®Nu yu܊u Uq S SS BTuۊ.C X Nvu yoyvu ru ð wv CS u hNiqu ru qu.qq䚯u Z iN U Yu qS ow㚮S NSw Euuu C quܜًNu FuTu. CS O..1558 N N 1479 w zS q銮u bǮ qvS v uqoq.

6. xrs

uwsyuµc Nٰ ou|
xS®u ﰚwycN||

C 㚮 Ǯ㊮.yu AS ANw Swu ruvu.C 1564 (Q yX) uwڊu.

7. rs:

rsSu yuф¯cN|
bњ u®w y㚯u®N||

C xrs Ǯ㊮. C Cyq Ǯ zjuu 1584 (Bc N Xqu) uwڊu.

8.vðurs.

NSq ¯wvq vðq
Bvqyq vðu䇮q w||

vðu䊮 q䩇u Uu S¹S uSS, S w㚮 vw Nh BSS BTuۊ. vðu䊮 Aqw NS you yuۊu cu yuS Ǯ㊮.Cs SS Ǯ-AsSS S Hu  vðu䊮 Hs u溚Nu qwS qw NSqu. 㚮c Nrp Kuu qNqlN uOيqN iypuw q SS OيqN iyp w݌ Yuۊ.Au uSqyou vr q INu ʺu®SS uX ¯Sqqqއ q cu®c rs iN Bu¯vu ȳqu iypuw Yuۊ. "uq ¯Sq y" H rS A D ¯Sq iN Eq xuw.S cu䊮q NS BTu C 㚮b®u H Nw ®u䜮o whNw v. q㚯c H A qٺu Nr Aw ANNwT Sr wSqu. CSvS 䜮⚮qvNoq uu Cw AwN NrSw Y.Au SSq XqǮ NNu H wnS yq䊯Tuۊ. qy v q S OS A  Cw݊l QST. K hh u¯㜮u Sl¯u®Nu qow yuu Ay u A Ǯu Nqu. Uu rsS zjwzޛ 1623 vÊű q銮u y¯o vS uwڊu. Uu䊮 NNvu zqu uw Hu Au y.

9. Su Kl

C y xS.Auȶq wS.ymqu 㚮cvS vwh vwS u m q q Au qu cSy vu. cwsqu yqy yh 㚮xu䊮 nSqu. 㚮 CS NyNT yw w㚮vxq qyuNw m qyuSu "Su rsu" wNo m q Ǯ㊯wTNl.Su rs u NǮ H AOqh yuyu㚮vSw Yuۊ.NwS 㚮 Cu Nu凵 O..1534 y¯o yXﱇu uqS muu, 㚮 AS yuw®rs uw xvÇ w AwS䟛uu Nu.

vc Eů!

vcS wlSlS µiqS D Kq uwS yO vðu䊮 uw.Hg uwSu. Auw wm A

cu¯x cr ScS抮dq|
q ¯r Sb u®抯uܺq u®p u®||

Aw懮s: ScS抮dq=AwSv Hu u, cu¯x=B cu¯x,cr=EqȳǮTu.q= BwSv, u®抯uܺq u®pu®= u¯X uܺq ®ﱇw u®, Sb=AwS,¯r=Úq.

qqއ: ®ﱇw AǮvScS u®q u®uܺq ®ﱇw u® yuw®rs, 㚮crs uu u¯X ǮyǮ㊵ ScS Úrيuu, Sc=BwS Au BwSq vSܺr ymq, S抮=S H Aws ww v D cu¯x EqȳǮTu.

yq yw y

y抮w Nmu Ǯ D wlSlև劮 NNgv䇮  doqq. yoNi rsu l OYq yo w NiǮ AvNSuu yyq(ʺu yo)u u.

OYuqNq yo qNiSo ®q||

brsu l wuwSu urSuu

Aq ww uww w r y Sr

Hu yoNvu ru qu. r yr݇u qu qy mu ڡ q yq. NvS ¯Su S q r H GǯS Cw u Nz Cu.BwSv y¯Su unqيT y qS®u wvS y䜯n rsu .

qqSu ycwu ڡ AuN u NqSu qqcxu q CuTqٺu, Ku r luu wǮS urSuu ʺu yovu ruqu.

O ou Oʺu¯Nlu 13 w Su y GS y䚮S vu.Cu Nsw T xS S pw. I cw GS u DS wuw xw qNST xq N ®n mNl Iw Ǯ qy muۋu T So mu. ¯qq⊯u A ⊮n m wʊ lS A® BSvu, C凮 Sl So o x H YTuu puw. D ycw DTw wuw qTuu AwN xuwSu, ¹SN xS yXwu SqSqu.

S wuw Auu qy®ﱇ, yoqu q BTu. AǮԩvuۊ Iw w, Cs wro㊮ D qw q Yqw rS-vÇSN-qN ®ﱇu BNruۊw!

SsGo

wuwu w y䅺u®w AqbN Am, NS NiԊ SsSu ǮSw Su۰.D SsS NqSS w wwS.

1.qu܊N q wuw.......: z.Ǯrs.
2. 㚮c S¹................: i.N.oSyu
3. Uu uw.......................: l||㚮wN y®cwX
4.u® W⇮ qyS ...................: ylwsX SS
5.rs y䅺u®(Nwl Awu)..............: o ð®hԊ.


|| Nǯyo||