u¯X

u® ww

dw-Xq(u®-c Nwl)

NrS(SsSyX)

SsS

u®-uܺq

u® qu wqS

qښNu u®uܺqu 

u®-yy

u® W⇮ qyS

xqwǯw-S䜮

ٰq䚮S䜮

ST

vw qXnS

v u®wu

Cq

quw

E-TEXTS ONLINE

Yqw-sw

AwS䜮 u

u¯X

      dw-Xq(u®-c Nwl )

1.u¯qu w݌

 

u¯X ?

q AqSwr wNw Nruw. Au凮 , NǮ q u㚮yvu B mu EyNN  C.N q bw Ns AqS B ®SqxS ST xq B ﱇ S Qyou.

u ys Aq-wuq ow

u qqSu uq㋺u zmqu uqSw Nyl Ǯ Auµ㇮ cwu usw S wT Aquw. B Ǯw Aynq u N Nz u®yr Acwu Aqu.bxS,cSrw yuT yru SoN xuwwT Bcwwwݰ ERruۊ.Aq y¯Sq puۋu NrNwu Aww "wq" Hw. ww H N "bwvSow" Hu As.u Ev luq u,w xS䟛u,Cuu b䇮u®u yiS NSu uu uµS "yuq" Hu wu NSw lq "T qwu" Dqw ,uuvw yu Aqu yrw Nlw.uu ®Oه¯vu T y䰋qwT qw yuNʊTu wqww yoyǮwu Xuw NS®uq uu qw Hl qSu muruw.
 uu H勺u AµuTu I Sw u Ku ovu Ou. Cuyqwu q ﰊww (Ku ovu) mu.yqwu TxS (Aw lr q cSw uONl N) qǮwݺhmu. Awq yqwu ﰊwu wqww (qNr AwǮnSʊ uovOS) NNhԊ.
SoSS,oNu Bu u wqww O Nu (uw xm) hԊ.cwyyru wqw, xu u®ww m w OS Hulh K뇮 NSw vu ouq,®NT Ûuw. wqw wqw U, Xuw uXw cvu qNr H w qǮymq.qw u Ou w h Oq.uw ui yu BNN HTq.wqw Slwq NSu lw.y A. w Sw rww A.(µSSw u 䜮X);Bu cSqwݰ q Xuww ®Oىu qw ®cu  NmNl,S S yNS ycwu Slww ﱰuw.
wqw UN u®cy䇮u u SiS T uu uu u®u qw Niuw;Bwq (N owvS wlu uu) Aw quw T wu NN ǮyqqيT oxS y䜯muw.
owvS wlu u Ku c. T yc檚 EqȳǮyµ u AT.Tw cw. ow yry䚯qq GrN.Au wqw u yq Bu®懮wuTq.
u ybS Hl NSu w qS lǮ y䇮qw , wqw dwv NSS B䇮uq ll yqw qS lNT.
ov qSw u ATyvu qw yqw NN rNh quu Nmu u AT݇ yqu Ywu vuq druۊ.Aw wqw Auµ㇮q wluw.
o,u Q,x yǮ Bu qS,Nuq NoS,Sccw wmS,CSw vu u cSwSNu w HOu NoSu wlqٌ wqw N uw.
bǵN yu q, u "wS Aqq zryqwuxS Cuw AwS䟚" Hu qw NS xmu pS w uw Nh wyu qw xq (AYw)u Nnwݰ wqw N NiԆhԡ.
wq u S ǮT y䚮w݊u u Yw u qu uvu ,q w Bqw qq uu uԉu wlq,Aquq qSwlq, "µS" H XqQ䜮yuw AxS AwS䟛u.
xS wqTq Aqq z䇮wuw x.cu u Au®u  C.Tuۊ yuu BNwu wq ǮµSSw wT .xcu Su Cu A?


w w ws w wٰ w w  w wٰ
yw ywٰ Xnu w wsr ww 

"H ﱇ xwS wʊ!H w xwS wʊ wʊ;H ﱇ xw XoNSS q q vqٰw" S xS wqw
wʋuw.

u ®Nw h yu¯N q w EywSu qwݰ wqxS NhԆhԊ.OyǮQlu wqw xqwT,YdT wuw.

u vr Aq-ðq ow.

D Qyou, uySu ylcw yr݇u Nr ðwwT Aqu.u Cuu Nu vyNT Ayޢh b䇮u® yqS NSw q Nqًq.Bu ( ScwS uu) qu Nr Nu bu yu ðww  qw qvu qSyqw KluOq.
wyu qw q sw qq Blruۊ,cyq䊯u uu®wvS T Sruuw Nl ðww qw(uNyqu) wuuS u lSwݰ Nru.
q uu®wvSu Nlh NNh Ǯw ðww Awvu ru dpNlw.uu®ww Ywq NXόu u ǮyS w Puymuw.yoNi H (Bu) lxu bT u uw. cSrS d Nl ðww Ǯu Cuu Bχ.
T Svu qw w u(䜮⊮u®vu) h ,qw yvu u®vSw u®uwT Nv qS uµS KSSu zu yqw q ðww ATw ww Eyvu hԜO,Au h u®v qw uw q mwuq wluw.A mv qS uµS KSSu AwݰNuw.AS BSﱛu u㚮z woww uwmuw.
xyow(bx),uww Bu ðww u㚮 uwNgS,BS qw BS mu muµTw NyoNSw AS zuw.q ul(mNo,Nuµ,uu®wv q䚮 uu) NNSw A ybu Nޛuw.N q NSw Nǯyo v܉u BXu ®Sqb;Aq ybw u lu ðww Ǯ.

c SSwu Xu.NySw u.Cq ySw Su.K NSw v Úu; ðw u Ǯyuwݰ B䉱w.u uܺqyu Cw.Nww uw.Cq q w wymuw.c cw uq NwS uyvuw yr݇wT yluw.
Nwȶv Sw ﱰ Nr,uNu Xuwq Q,Nuq u NoS,CSu Nmu,qwS Aqq z䇮w,uwu uw yqqw Aquw,Bu NǮww(N uԇ) N( qǮSǮ vUN)u wqu  Nl T ðww Bwvuw.
ﰊwu ðww,ul Suw vuw, ®NT lw ATu usyqcu®w S Nǯcw qT T,USr Aww uw.q cSu vTcNu OXNv y䅩uq㊮w uw.Cq q䜮wwNu N u®cww Aqcu cSw yuwwT muw.
u㚮wxu NuNhԺq u,N,NyT Cu yr uyv qSuSw, Nu ðww,cwS NT ,NǮؚySw S,S KhSm Niuw.
Sw h N ,yc檚 NmYS , uu N䊮SS wSq,(uu®wv) quµ Eu۰vu uȶqw,NNw uu wu q ArT yNu Nuw AT݇ qيu qcxu Ov wvu.

rﱰu µSu Nmu (AwN SuT) Yw µSSw vu (Yw vSu Nmu) ,Nyu NoSu Nmu,(Su®uw)Ǯ yqu HlS Xru Hl wSSw vu pqww wNwwT vu (lS pNSw vu) Nu®( ®Nيq Noq KS w u氙 Ku Su Ǯuq㊮)H PN ySw ,ðww,SvNv yǯޜoy䚮Su NuOuw.
Awq Abqu vu Xϩh O S uq yc檛 ,SSww Bu,SS u®xl ,®Nu vSw hԜNq,u Aqwu ǯqvu SyTu No qw sw yNiq CqS cu Bw CTu(AbwTu) Nu qwlru.Aqq N䊮Tu OXN w vmuw.
ucvu Nmuw,Ǯ Bu®Sw u®uw, u NǮxS z䇮u Su wlw, Au ðww AT݇,AcwwvS NmNl, ðǮunvSuT Aqq ®NTu q y Aow(N yw), w ymq Ûuw.
AwN qwu Bu®Su  ðww,ǮՊ, uµw qu,ðǯvcww NuNl,HuSvu,NzǮԊ Bu H u®qǮyq䊮w ,uu c yrxu Ûuw.
NǮw yuNS Ǯu uT,uyvu QNN Ǯ՜T,ybS NSS ǮNru Nmu wT,ﰊǮwu ðww uqwT NSuw.
ðww uvS NmNl yqwNwu NǮw qTu ®u䇮 Sw ,qw(Acww) Sw Bu yqxS c¯w Kzޛuw.A ww qyw quw. NS qw Orw uw. NǮyqww uu u®uw.q qw yw Nlw.

u qrq --- u¯X.

u SvNyǯޜo u®u ðwu u pqw
yq-v uqw uµu NmuwT,TⰇwSNu uuw YϛuwT q NSu i S uu®㇮ww muw.w㚮w Nvu۪cw qwS p Hu Aw w㚯w Nuw.vN u Novu uq wqSuw Sx Au yu 暮 vu Aw Auwݰ yryv Nu uqu Aq Huw uv橣o Hu,r Huw u,wqw vÚu 䜮ww AQl(xǮ) Hu Nu "yXw u" Hu yuwuw.䜮⚮qSS uT qwlqٌ, AS ¯ǮNwu NuNl Aww uwu u㚮z wow B ou hԜN.yyX s,䜮w xSo,Xqw Hu µu Hu qw rw Xqvu Aµubww yXmuw.Cu ynvuT Awuv ǮSoSu Nmu uw cw wxu w yoT Thw.
D u lw ,v qzu cw,Ǯ؄®Oهw ywN,䜮⚮qS xcu Ay䇮w cwS A,Ǯ qwu yryv, u ®SubӇ S u¯XT NSu Aqu.

 

 

1. u¯qu w݌

2.BX Aq

3.S

4.Eyww S SN

5.w㚮 N 

6.uq cu ygԆǵN Suo ¯qu ulq

7.uovTc-uNq

8. u㚮 uw

9. wow uw

10.䜮⚮q¯Ǯ Xw- NǮyrǯyw

11. u®抮 S

12.vS y®

13.cuw

14.uX BN ®

15.Ǯ㚮S䜮

16. u¯X u® qS